Rosacea is a condition that, according to the National Rosacea Society, affects 16 million people a year. And it’s a condition of the skin that we see very frequently in the office.
The signs of rosacea are typically redness, broken blood vessels, and acne-type lesions which mostly occur at the central face. Also, less commonly, there is thickening of the skin of the nose which is known as rhinophyma.
The treatment options are broken down into three aspects. The first aspect is behavioral modification. So, we recommend sunscreen containing zinc oxide, since sun is one of the most common triggers. We also recommend a wide-brimmed hat as well. The second thing I recommend, as far as behavioral modifications, is to keep stress levels to a minimum. And then we also want to avoid spicy foods as well as alcohol intake.
The second aspect of it is medications. So, we use medications that come in topical forms to treat the more mild to moderate cases. And for the more severe cases, we add in an oral medication.
And then the third aspect of the treatment of rosacea is lasers. There are two main types. The first type of laser is a vascular laser and that targets mostly the redness of the rosacea. And the second one is known as a CO2 laser, and that targets that rhinophyma or that thickening of the skin of the nose and that helps to alleviate that.